Transfer of knowledge in alliance of universities and industry represents the collaborative links between universities and industry. The transfer between the both of them is done through various mechanism.
Lina Anatan, economics lecturer from Universitas Kristen Maranatha in Bandung, West Java, said conceptual and empiric literature on knowledge transfer in the alliance of universities and industry up to this days is dominated by the use of internal perspective. In explaining the phenomenon of knowledge transfer in alliance of universities and industry, internal perspective focuses on the consideration of economic efficiency through command of resources and knowledge.
“As a matter of fact, organisations are met with the pressures to do adjustments in their environment,” she said on Monday (24/7) during her open doctoral promotion at Faculty of Economics and Business UGM.
Lina said the decision to be involved in the activities of knowledge transfer in the alliance of universities and industry is not only motivated by internal aspect. External aspect also affects the effort to gain legitimacy through adjustment to the organisational institutional environment.
Of the research that involves 51 data from universities and industry, it is known that there is a significantly positive influence that simultaneously coming from institutional pressures to the knowledge transfer in the alliance of universities and industry. That institutional pressure is in the form of regulative, normative, and cognitive pressures.
“Partially, normative and cognitive pressures affect positively the transfer in alliance of universities and industry. Regulative pressures on the other hand do not have significant effect on the knowledge transfer in the alliance of universities and industry,” she explained.
Another result showed that knowledge transfer affects positively the institutionalisation of knowledge transfer activities. The success of alliance of universities and industry is affected by the success of institutionalisation of knowledge transfer activities which are dependent much on internal factor, which is resources and knowledge that are complementary.