Psychosis is a case when someone experiencing mental illness. People with psychosis usually have difficulties in determining reality and imagination.
Diana Setiyawati, M.HSc.Psy., Ph.D, Director of Center for Public Mental Health (CPMH) UGM said the person having psychosis sometimes think that they will be killed or in other cases talking to themselves. Diana Setiyawati said this at UC UGM on Friday (16/11) during International Workshop on CBT for Psychosis.
Diana said that there were cases where a person with psychosis would wander around that led to his family putting him in stocks. According to Diana, the stocks should not have happened because the person could actually recover with medication and psychotherapy.
Diana admitted the medication is the most reliable approach that is adopted, but even so in many cases the medication fails and the patient has a relapse. Therefore, there should be skills to be mastered to prevent the relapse. A relatively new approach, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis (CBT-P) can be introduced. CBT-P is a method focusing on straightening false beliefs. The method is not yet much applied in Indonesia, but adopted abroad.
“We call this as a new method because during this time CBT has been used not for psychosis but people with depression or anxiety,” said Diana.
In Indonesia the number of psychosis patients is pretty high. According to Riskesdas data in 2013 there were 1.7 per 1000 households where psychosis was found. In 2018 the figure jumped sharply or 7 per 1000 households, which is higher than the number of cancer patients.
The International Workshop on CBT for Psychosis was organised by Faculty of Psychology UGM to commemorate World Mental Health Day on 10 October 2018. The Workshop aimed at making cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for psychosis more accessible to medical doctors around the world. The workshop was also a support for the goal of Indonesia to be free from stocks.
“The event is very important for doctors because there is a big demand for intervention in psychosis cases to be developed in Indonesia, remembering the ongoing cases of stocks in the country. Effective prevention that empowers psychosis patients will support the realisation of the Stocks Free Movement in Indonesia,” she said.
The topics discussed in the Workshop included early detection, stigmatisation and effectivity of CBT, establishing contact, treatment plan and goal, intervention of specific CBT and CBT group. Three experts from abroad shared their views on the matter, namely Prof. dr. Marieke Pijnenborg (Groningen University), Dr Nynke Boonstra (NHL Stenden University of Applied Science), and Prof. dr. Theo Bouman (Groningen University).