JOGJAKARTA (KU) - Landslides are still a serious problem in many regions. The occurrence is also increasing from year to year. During the year 2010 alone, there were 121 landslides happening, taking the lives of 120 people. The most affected province is West Javathat reached 59 percent nationally. This information emerged in the Workshop on Strengthening Regional Capabilities in Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia, in the Ballroom of the Phoenix Hotel, Yogyakarta, on Thursday (5/8).
According to Head of Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, Dr. Ir. Surono, the number of victims killed by landslides from year to year is always above 100 people. The number of victims is far greater than the number of victims caused by earthquakes. "In year 2006, the victims reached more than 600 people," he said. Surono conveyed that the victims of landslides were found in many areas with slope angle of 27-36 degrees where the land is composed by the breccia bedrock and clay stone.
Similar to Surono's view, Researcher of Center for Natural Disaster of UGM, Dr. Danang Sri Hadmoko, M.Sc., said that his research showed that during the period 1981-2007, more than 1300 incidents of landslides occurred on Java island. In 27 years, the death toll was 2095. "The average incidence of landslide in Java is 49per year and the number of victims is at least 77 people per year," he explained.
Under Law No. 24 Year 2007, the most responsible party for disaster management in the region is the Regional Head. The authority of central government is through the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) and in the regions is through the Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD). Therefore, central and local governments are required to provide funds for disaster relief through funding from the DIPA/APBN/APBD budget. "Budget is not enough, last year BNPB only managed 300 billion, this year it increased to 630 billion through DIPA funds. For "Renkon", we have 3 trillion of funds per year," Director of Disaster Risk Reduction of BNPB, Ir. Wisnu Widjaya, M.Sc, said.
But more than that, Wisnu said that building community capacity for disaster resilience that can be adaptable when disaster strikes and rapid post-disaster recovery are far more important. In addition, he also prioritizes risk analysis, hazard, and disaster risk mapping.