According to the Head of the Center, Drs. Sindung Tjahyadi, M. Hum, the format of the event is slightly different from the previous ones. It will gather speakers and participants in the same position, exchanging views on various nation’s problems. "Actually, this informal discussion is open to anyone. The committee, however, will selectively invite participants of various ages and professions," he said, Monday (19/7).
Therefore, the event is expected to generate agreements on the conceptual, institutional levels and program of action. These efforts are expected to help resolve the current issues of nationality. Therefore, in accordance with the spirit of gatherings, those present have the same opportunity to convey their thoughts on nationality. "This informal discussion is a serious one but the audience will be entertained with an animated film, Garuda Pancasila, macapat and siteran (Javanese recital and music)," he said.
Failures in forest plantation development call for a shift of paradigm in forest management, from the timber management conventional approach to social forestry strategies. Learning from such failures, social forestry strategies include the management of forest resources (Forest Resource Management/FRM) and the management of forest ecosystems (Forest Ecosystem Management/FEM).
He said the social forestry is related to how the decision is made and how it affects communities in and around forests. For their sake, the steps can be conducted by understanding the interests and people’s participation in developing management plans, recognizing the need for distribution of forest benefits, and a number of important measures related to community capacity and adaptability in measuring the effect of forest management plans. "In essence, these are in line with and inseparable from social development activities. The essence of social development is a concrete effort in improving the quality of social relationships, social interaction, so, following the development of one sector alone is not enough," he said.
The research results in Unit HTI Pulp in District Malako, Area Pelalawan, PT. Arara Abadi in Riau Province showed the ecological, social and production dimensions have not been managed proportionally. On the whole forest plants area, the realization of allocated areas are those for main crop, excellent crops, human living, conservation areas, and infrastructure with the following percentages respectively: 67%, 5%, 1%, 6% and 2%. The remaining areas are 19% are being disputed, while at the level of district the figures are 42%, 4%, 1%, 3% and 1%, while 49% are being disputed.
In addition, THPB silvicultural practices on Industrial Forest have not been able to restore the functions and benefits of forest resources as a source of life, not even able to create a normal forest. The failure reflected in the low realization of planting rangesbetween 20-40%, the low ability as a provider of industrial raw materials around 34%, the potential of forests plant at life cycle of 143-160 cubic meters per hectare, fluctuated harvest, monoculture, poor range of forest products and a single cycle.
In his dissertation Development Strategy of Social Insight Forestry Plantation Forest, Bahdarsyah concluded that industrial forest plantation development has not been able to support existing forest rehabilitation efforts, supplier of industrial raw materials of wood, and contribute to improving live conditions of local communities. "Therefore, various important findings in this research can be used as instructions in supporting the successful development of plantation forests in the future," he said.