Anti-Corruption Study Center (Pukat) of UGM Faculty of Law assessed 2010 is a meaningless year in relation with the efforts to fight corruption, there is no progress made. "The year 2010 was a meaningless year. Corruption eradication came to a stop, and barely any progress made us proud," said researcher of UGM Pukat, Hifdzil Alim, Tuesday (11/1).
A series of legal cases that still occurred in 2010, from the Century Bank scandal, the discovery of a luxury cell of Artalyta Suryani (convicted in graft), the detention of Chief of Corruption Eradication Commission, to the case of Gayus Tambunan who is alleged in tax fraud, are evidence of the government's failure in fighting corruption. "The absence of achievements by the government in fighting corruption became strong evidence of their failure in anti-corruption efforts," Hifdzil Alim explained.
Hifdzil Alim said that so far there is no government policy in favor of the eradication effort. Various existing policies are not able to give any effect on anti-corruption law enforcement in Indonesia.
Meanwhile, Director of Pukat, Zainal Arifin Mochtar, S.H, L.L.M, said that corruption in 2010 still showed the same trend with the previous years. Likewise, the year 2011 will show a similar tendency. However, this year it will be very alarming. "Although the dangers is the same to those in 2010, but in 2011 the condition could be more worrying like an iceberg phenomenon. In the year 2011, there will be plentiful of new cases from previous years that have not been resolved," said Zainal.
The year 2011, according to Zainal, is still a challenging year because there is much homework to be done, such as the legal process of corruption cases, routine anti-corruption agenda, and discussion of a number of regulations in the field of law and politics.
Zainal said that a new breakthrough is needed in order to eradicate corruption by conducting a law enforcement intervention. "So far, in Indonesia there are no extraordinary efforts undertaken by the law enforcement officers," he said.
The report of UGM Pukat on corruption eradication trends in 2010 showed the consistency of the actors of corruption throughout 2010. This is reflected in the top three subject of corruption which are always dominated by local officials, legislators, and private sector. The consistency of these three actors shows that corruption is always done by those who have power and authority.
Furthermore, in terms of modes of corruption, enriching oneself or another person is listed as the most rampant mode of corruption. Though fairly conventional, the modes remain a "favorite" for the perpetrators of corruption. In terms of sector, procurement of goods and services topped the list of corruption throughout 2010. These conditions showed that no extraordinary effort seems to be made by law enforcement officials in preventing corruption in the procurement of goods and services sector. The occurrence of corruption in this sector proves the rampant collusion practices between officials and private perpetrators.
State losses due to corruption are also very large. Based on data from TCR I-IV in 2010, state loss was in the range of 1-10 billion Rupiah. It shows that in the efforts to eradicate corruption, particularly to save the state money, the amount that has been saved is still far below the total losses to the state.