Indonesia should start to encourage energy efficiency in all sectors. Energy saving is expected to prevent Indonesia from energy crisis. According to Prof. Dr. Jumina, Head of UGM Center for Energy Studies, behavior to save energy should become the culture of every citizen both individually and institutionally. “If people and all institutions have implemented energy-saving culture, energy reserves in the country can be utilized longer,” he explained, Monday (17/1), at the Center office.
Jumina said that for institutions, energy audit is a step that can be taken to know whether an institution has applied energy efficiency concept. Energy auditing is the concept of evaluation and assessment on energy use practices in an institution. “Through energy audit mechanism, stakeholders will know whether or not energy wasting occurs in the institution assessed, and finally auditing results can be followed up by the institutions assessed to gain bigger profit in the future,” he explained.
Jumina mentioned that this energy audit is one of efforts that can be taken to avoid, or at least, delay energy crisis in Indonesia. Government Regulation No. 70 Year 2009 emphasizes that all institutions consuming big scale energy have to do energy efficiency efforts; one of them is conducting energy auditing. “If all institutions in Indonesia conduct energy auditing, it is expected that energy wasting can be minimized,” he said.
Besides energy efficiency, increase in energy sources production both conventionally and non-conventionally should be done to avoid energy, particularly oil, crisis. “If current technology advance has not found new oil wells, the government has to change direction to encourage renewable energy industries to substitute oil,” he emphasized.
As it is known that oil reserve in Indonesia amounting 9 billion barrels will be exhausted in the next 23 years if new oil wells are not found. Meanwhile, national gas reserve amounting 188 trillion cubic will be exhausted in the next 62 years. Coal is in better condition with 57 billion tons in national reserve that is estimated to be used for the next 148 years.