The increase of CO2 emissions continues to cause concerns among environmental experts. Kyoto Protocol in 1999 up to now has not been able to become an instrument to control emissions in the world. In fact, America as the second largest contributor of CO2 emissions in the world, 5.8 billion tons per year, has not signed the Protocol. It is similar to China as the world's largest emitter which reaches 6.5 billion tons per year. "Indonesia alone, the total amount of CO2 emissions in 2000 reached 1.4 billion tons or 5.9% of world CO2 emissions," Prof. Dr. Jumina said at UGM Center for Energy Studies, Monday (11/4), towards the implementation of the National Seminar on Human Resources Development Division of Clean Energy toward National Energy Security.
According to Jumina, Indonesia’s CO2 emission comes primarily from land-use activities and forestry, reaching 46%, 24% of energy sector, 12% from peatland, and agricultural waste and household garbage by 11%. This condition is different from China and the United States whose main sources of CO2 emissions come from energy sector, particularly oil and coal.
These data indicate energy sector's contribution to CO2 emissions and global warming phenomenon is very big. Therefore, efforts to reduce domestic CO2 emissions and global warming rate by adopting the concept of clean energy is needed. "Clean energy is defined as eco-friendly clean energy or energy that does not potentially cause environmental pollution," said the Head of the Center.
He said that if Indonesia can apply the concept of clean energy, energy system that is built not only generates energy security in the sense of balance between national energy need and supply, but also realizes healthy, comfortable, and sustainable environment. If so, the energy system that is applied will have a vision far into the future without having to rob the basic rights of future generation.
National Seminar on Human Resources Development Division of Clean Energy to the National Energy Security took place at Graduate School of Universitas Gadjah Mada, Tuesday, April 12, 2011. Besides from the National Energy Council, a number of source people attended, including Director of Energy, Telecommunications, and Information of National Planning Board, Director General of Oil and Natural Gas Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (KESDM), Primary Energy Director of PT PLN, the Head of Climate and Policy Assessment Quality Industry Ministry of Industry, Director-General of New Energy, Renewable Energy and Conservation KESDM, experts in science, technology and energy politics of UGM.
UGM Graduate School involvement in this seminar is not without reason. From the discussion that develops, the seminar is expected to produce recommendation related to the need for the development of clean energy system and device in the homeland, which include human resource development. "This recommendation is certainly not merely a discourse. It will be followed up significantly with the establishment of Master and Doctoral Study Programs and Management of Clean Energy Technology at UGM," Jumina added.