Of 3103 Higher Education institution in all over Indonesia, only 24 universities are considered to successfully implement the excellent practice in managing the quality of education. The number of universities which is considered to implement excellent practice declined from year to year. Previously, in 2008 there were 68 being considered as implementing excellent practice and then the numbers dropped again to 58 in the year 2009.
DIKTI Academic Director, Prof. Ir. Illa Sailah, M.Sc., Ph.D., said the decline is due to the lack of quality assurance processes implementation both internally and externally in their respective higher education institutions and the inconsistencies in the lecturers in the planning preparation and the implementation of teaching and learning.
"We found that mostly the plans that are prepared only when there will be an assessment process for accreditation of BAN," said Illa Sailah in the Higher Education quality assurance seminar at UC conference Hall UGM on Thursday (21/4). Illa mentions that the 24 universities in the list are mostly major universities.
She added that the valuation process of best practice is assessed of the planning and implementation conformity with the presence of quality documents, quality manual, quality policy, quality SOP and form quality, both conducted at the university level, faculty to the study program. "And that is what is called best practice," she said.
Ilah admitted it is not easy to implement quality assurance in higher education. Nevertheless, her office continues to promote the importance of quality assurance through the respective institutions and the Kopertis in the region. "The process of dissemination still continues to be undertaken. We urge every university with the existing legal basis to immediately implement quality assurance systems both internally and externally, "she said.
The author of the book 'Concepts and Strategies of Quality Assurance System Initiation of Higher Education' , Prof. Ir. Toni Atyanto Dharoko, M. Phil, Ph.D., said the basic concept of quality assurance at UGM includes three things: first, the study program conducts quality assurance. Second, the faculty coordinates the implementation of quality assurance in the study program level and third, the university ensures that faculty and study program perform the quality assurance properly and according to plan.
To ensure the quality of a higher education institution should be done through study program evaluation based on self-evaluation conducted by the Directorate General of Higher Education. This is followed by the process of accreditation by National Accreditation Board of Higher Education and Quality Assurance (quality assurance) by their respective universities. "All three are synergized into higher education quality assurance system," he concluded.