YOGYAKARTA- Yogyakarta is currently experiencing an onslaught of modern democratic politics. This is related to the tug-of-war relations between the central government and the people of Yogyakarta on the substance of Yogyakarta Specialty Bill. In this case, the central government wishes to implement the direct election of Governor and Deputy Governor of Yogyakarta, while the majority of the people of Yogyakarta want them to be made Governor and Deputy Governor without elections.
According to a researcher of Center for Pancasila Studies UGM, Diasma Sandi Swandaru, the coercion in the name of democracy through direct election is predicted to create genocide of democracy, namely democracy that kills its own child. "As a result, the condition that is not based on wisdom will lead to anarchism to the forced democracy," Diasma said in a discussion entitled Democracy 'a la' Yogya vs Modern Democracy on Thursday (14/7). The discussion is the dissemination of The 1st International Conference on International Relations and Development (ICIRD 2011), 19-22 May 2011, at Faculty of Political Sciences, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Diasma said that the democratic process in Yogyakarta, in fact, has the strength and values of locality which play an important role in regional and cultural void in the theory of democracy. Democracy is happening not just to 'win a victory' or the most votes, but there is something more fundamental, namely welfare and social justice. In Yogyakarta, the community has been very satisfied with the leadership of Sri Sultan HB X. All of the democratic processes has been implemented, ranging from the aspirations of the people, support, elements of community-civil society through Regional Legislative Assembly (DPRD) in 5 districts and municipality to support the leadership they want, which is the guided democracy with the Sultan as king as well as the Governor of Yogyakarta. "Democracy in Yogyakarta, in fact, has local power and values that play an important role in regional and cultural void in the theory of democracy," Diasma said.
Guided Democracy according to Ki Hajar Dewantara since 1922 is a democracy that contains social justice, which is later referred to as democracy and leiderschap or guided democracy, which is a democracy that is not overwhelming and leads to anarchy, but a democracy which is led by the "wisdom "in the sense of awareness that there is mutual prosperity. Democracy without wisdom will surely be disastrous to the people. Wisdom here is to put forward the principles of truth and justice. The leader of wisdom is no other than the principle of Trias Politica with Pancasila as its peak. "Don’t forget the principles of truth and justice in a policy. Democracy without wisdom would only lead to disaster," he explained.
He said that up to now, democracy has become a fundamental issue because it is considered a better system than other existing systems. The problem is the practice of democracy becomes a fierce debate in Indonesia. The debate occurs due to several things. First, the mechanism of democracy in Indonesia is questionable because it is considered incompatible with the values of Pancasila. Second, the democracy that developed after the 1998 reform has been distorted and not in accordance with the democracy of Pancasila that emphasizes on deliberation and consensus for the interest of the nation and state. Third, democracy in Indonesia is considered liberal and excessive.