YOGYAKARTA – In the period of 100 years it is predicted that the world’s temperature will rise by 1 degree Celcius. It is even predicted to be sooner due to the rate of deforestation, mode of tansport use and population increase despite the fact that human beings can tolerate between 2-3 degrees. “Currently, there has been some 0,65 degree increase in 100 years,” expert in disaster mitigation and climate change, Prof. Dr. Sudibyakto, told journalists on Tuesday (27/11) in a press conference of the seminar Disaster Risk Management.
He added that Indonesia has high vulnerability against climate change due to the increased damage of natural resources and environment, even felt by people on the coastlines and islets. Mitigation and adaptation strategies is very much required at the national level. “One of the ways is by building strong villages on the coastlines and islets,” he said.
According to the expert, international issue on climate change is still relevant even to Indonesia that has experienced changes in frequency and intensity of rains, seasons, planting season disruptions, pattern change of disease, sea surface increase that causes flash flood. “The increased rains along with strong wind trigger landslides and depressions,” he added.
The disrupted hydrology cycle due to climate change can cause environment damage in various countries. In Asia, said Sudibyakto, almost 80% of natural disaster are caused by hydrometeorology factors.
Deputy Director of Graduate School of UGM, Prof. Ir. Suryo Purwono, Ph.D., said the disaster risk management seminar would occur on 29 November at the Senate Hall UGM, presenting Head of National Disaster Mitigation Agency, Dr. Syamsul Maarif, M.Si., Climate Change Board, Prof. dr. Rachmat Witoelar, and Manager of Magister Disaster Management of UGM, Prof. Dr. Sudibyakto.