There are repetitions in many kinds of literatures and book, as well as in the Qur’an. Nur Faizin, lecturer of Universitas Darur Ulum in Lamongan, East Java,mentioned that forms of repetition in Al-Qur’an are found in every linguistic unit from the smallest unit to the biggest one.
“Repetitions are found in words, verse, topics and surah,” he said on Friday (29/01) at his open examination of doctoral program, Graduate School of Universitas Gadjah Mada.
Defending his dissertation entitled Forms and Functions of Repetition in Surah Al-Baqarah: Systemic and Stylistic Analysis, Faizin said that repetition is no longer viewed as verse repetition like in a allegorical (mutasyabihat) study. Based on structural and systematic analysis, it is found that there are systemic repetitions.
“Besides, there are repetitions which indicate linguistic style,” he explained.
In further explanation, Faizin said that there are seven systemic repetitions and 22 stylistic function repetitions. Stylistic functions could be divided to two groups. First, it is based on the utilization in the context of Al-Baqarah. Second, it is based on the position of linguistic unit and where it lies in repetition level.
According to the man, stigma that views repetition as negative thing can be countered. Because repetition of forms has function and its existence is somehow mandatory.
The function of repetition can be filled by many languistic units, such as emphasis function (ta’kid) can be replaced by words, phrases, or clause, and even sentence. The function of integration can also be replaced by various linguistic units, realised in a verse, between verses in a topic, and between topics in a verse that can be filled by various linguistic units.