Artificial Insemination for dairy cattle and beef cattle has been introduced in Indonesia since 1976. In spite of this, the technique to inject dissolved frozen semen corresponds to the fertility disorder in cows. “Insemination causes reproductive disorders ranging between 30-50% percent of cows in Indonesia,” said Veterinary Science lecturer from UGM, Dr. Drh. Prabowo Purwono, M.Phil., in a workshop titled Cow Reproductive Disorder and USG Training at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine UGM on Wednesday ( 27/4).
The reason is, according to Prabowo, the improper practices of insemination that have caused anestrus, repeat breeding, and nymphomania in the cow. He said this case was also determined by the acceptor. “Reproductive disorder corresponds to artificial insemination. But the negative impacts of this inseminationa has not been revealed so far,” he said.
He mentioned that the improper handling was mainly because the practice was not done by a veterinarian. He pointed out the lack of veterinarians in the country, forcing the assistants to do the job instead.
This is aggravated by the low quality of facilities and sanitation where bacteria and fungi can easily grow. “During insemination, not only the semen being deposited in the corpus uteri. Bacteria and fungi may also get inside,” he said.
He said the failure of cow reproduction in Indonesia are generally sub-clinical due to bacteria and fungi infection in cow reproductive organs. These include E.coli, Cornyebacterium pyogenes, Streptococus sp, staphylococcus sp, Aspergillus fumigator and Candida Albicans.
Prevention can be done by proper insemination with good sanitation. “Artificial insemination is serious, helping veterinarians in artificial insemination programme,” he said.
Another UGM researcher, Dr. Drh. Surya Agus Prihatno, presented his research of dairy cows during or after delivering their offsprings in Sleman regency which was 18.85 %. This was due to poor sanitation and minimal experience of farmers.