YOGYAKARTA, Indonesia faces a big problem of globalization because it has lost its character of national culture, namely, Pancasila, as social capital which plays strategic role in maintaining the unity of nation and state. Meanwhile, the estrangement of Pancasila in Indonesian public life also shows a failure in the process of enculturation of Pancasila among the young generation.
This emerged in the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) of Pancasila Enculturation in Nation Character Establishment, held by the Center for Pancasila Studies in Koesnadi Hardjasoemantri Cultural center (PKKH), Monday (20/6). "The FGD was also done as one effort to compile grand design of Pancasila enculturation for the young generation in the era of informatics," FGD Committee Chairman, Dr. Daud Aris Tanudirjo, M.A said.
Daud mentioned that the objective of this FGD is to know the enculturation in the past (evaluation) and future (to create such a model). Each aspect discussed covers material / messages (the values of Pancasila), media, and the environment, especially for the younger generation in the era of informatics. "So, in this FGD we present various resource persons from several groups such as faculties, students, observers of traditional arts, media actors, and others," the lecturer of UGM Archaeology added.
Several important points in the FGD are, among others, all the media can optimistically be used for socialization and enculturation of Pancasila among the young generations. Darmanto, activist of Media Care in Yogyakarta, said that the young generation today is more advanced and open in responding to offerings presented by the media. Through the media, both print and electronic, through traditional arts, Pancasila enculturation among the young generation can be done. "There is no media that is the most appropriate, all can and has the opportunity to be exploited in a heterogeneous society as today," Darmanto said.
Similarly, a senior journalist who is also manager of Jogja TV, Oka Kusumayudha, assessed the positive value from the young generation toward some traditional shows, such as Campursari, Javanese language news, and shadow puppet show. "The result of a survey shows the rate of the young people who watch the traditional shows is high enough. Therefore, that’s where we can instill the values of Pancasila. So, we just need to think about the content," Oka said.
Cultural observer who regularly performs in RRI Yogyakarta, Gatot Marsono, added that Pancasila is still established quantitatively and yet qualitatively. Gatot just hoped the mass media remain professional and not go with the flow as is done by several people in executive, judicial, and legislative positions. "Here, reliable media directors are needed to deliver the contents of a good show quantitatively, qualitatively, to uphold ethics, and be humanist. Don’t go with the flow as what corruptors do in the executive, legislative, and judicial levels," Gatot said.